CySec is the independent public supervisory authority responsible for the supervision of the investment services market and transactions in transferable securities carried out throughout the EU. CySec was established in accordance with section 5 of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Establishment and Responsibilities) Law of 2001 as a public legal entity. CySec’s mission is to exercise effective supervision to ensure investor protection and the healthy development of the securities market.
The current supervisory framework for the regulation of administrative services has been designed, on commission by the Cyprus government, to ensure:
- The country’s full compliance with international standards on money laundering and tax evasion;
- The upgrade of the quality of services offered, thus enhancing the competitiveness of Cyprus as a financial centre.
The ASP Law (the Law) was introduced in December 2012 (Law 196(I)/2012), regulating the provision of administrative services, however resulted in the exemption of most corporate services providers, as indicated by the above statistics. Based on the firms’ ownership structure and not their services, all administrative service providers which are members of the ICPAC and CBA, are exempted from this important Law. Exempted persons are bound by the Directives and Codes of Conduct issued by ICPAC and CBA respectively, however there are compelling differences among the three regulatory frameworks of CySec, ICPAC and CBA, which can be briefly summarized as follows:
- The minimum number of persons managing the ASP;
- The requirement for internal audit function;
- The capacity to outsource to persons outside the Republic;
- The maximum levels of penalties;
- The extent and frequency of reporting;
- The requirement for prior approval of changes to the ASP.
These disparities have driven most services providers to change their ownership structures and withdraw their application to CySec as a means of escaping the provisions of the Law. It is worth noting that pursuant to the Law, members of ICPAC and CBA have the option of filing an application to operate on the basis of a license issued to them by CySec just like ASPs. In reality, very few members actually pursue this route and prefer, often for convenience, to operate solely on the basis of their respective licenses issued by ICPAC and CBA.
Taking the above into consideration, we urge all potential clients and associates to consider the added protections and safeguards afforded by CySec licensed ASPs, which must strictly observe the ASP Law and CySec regulations regarding the same.